Underwater wineries: sea aged wines

Photo via: La Vanguardia

Today we tell you how the sea is an excellent environment for the aging of wines. Don’t you believe it? Let’s discover how there are undersea cellars.

It is worthwhile to mention that this type of cellars doesn’t harm the environment at all.

Why are wines so well preserved in the depths?

Sea conditions, for the optimal aging of some types of wine are: temperature and water pressure, because they are relatively constant; the movement of the sea and salinity; as well as the absence of light and noise. The sea also provides less oxygen and creates an almost anaerobic environment. On the other hand, the fact that there is much less density should also affects the wine, although it has not yet been discovered in what way.

Thanks to all these factors, wine evolves very slowly and offers secondary and tertiary aromas that predominate over the primary, offering fresh and young wines with an extraordinary salinity and mineral “bouquet”, with intense flavors and different details. Its flavors will be lighter and perfect with greater chromatic and aromatic intensity

Where were underwater cellars born?

The idea comes from the discovery of ancient shipwrecks with treasures stored in their wineries. When these magnificent boats were found, full of everyday objects, and of course, underwater wines protected from noise many meters above the surface appeared.

Another interesting fact to comment is that eighteenth-century Champagne bottles were found in the cellars of one of these shipwrecks in 2010. Their auction value was € 48,000.

In recent years the “underwater bottle collection” has totally revolutionized enology. For that reason, more and more underwater wineries are emerging in Spain. Here are a few examples:


Crusoe Treasure

Crusoe Treasure is one of the first and largest wineries. It is located specifically in Plenzia Bay, near Bilbao and started in 2013. This winery “treasures” its wines in a concession of 500 m2 in the Cantabrian Sea.


This type of cellars is quite a successful business. In Spain, very important figures in the world of haute cuisine, chefs such as Martín Berasategui, Eneko Atxa or Juan Mari Arzak have decided to incorporate them in their menus. However, main buyers of Crusoe Treasure underwater wineries are countries such as China, Russia, United Arab Emirates and USA, where underwater wine has been well received since the beginning


Bodegas y Viñedos Raúl Pérez

Another underwater winery in our country is located in Pontevedra, Bodegas y Viñedos Raúl Pérez “Sketch”, Ría de Arousa. To make their submerged wines, they introduce them in metal cages of 19 meters deep. This is how about 900 bottles are sold at a price of approximately 35 euros


Bodegas Luis Pérez

In the south, specifically in the province of Cádiz, we find Bodegas Luis Pérez, “Garum Submarino”, between Conil and Sancti Petri. These wineries are pioneers developing this process in the Andalusian sea. At 12 meters deep in the Atlantic waters they submerged about 50 amphoras, with a price around 200 euros. These wines come from barrels manufactured in Jerez, half French oak, half American oak.


Bodegas Submarinas Vina Maris

In the east of Spain the Viña Maris de Enrique Mendoza underwater winery can be found. These Alicante wineries go a step further, not only aging wine under water, but also offering a different experience for all those who want to be part of it. If you are one of the most daring and you like scuba diving, this winery will offer you the opportunity to go down to the depths accompanied by experienced divers to see in person where the bottles are located. Afterwards, you can taste the wine on a boat. After a year, this winery stores around 10,000 units in steel cages in the sea. The price of this wine is about 50 euros.


Bodegas Palmera Castro y Magán

Another place surrounded by the immense Atlantic Ocean that could not be outdone in the production of underwater wine are the Canary Islands. There, we find the Palmera Castro and Magán wineries, on the west coast of the island of La Palma. The Cueva Bonita diving club realized that after six months of aging at the bottom of the sea, the number of microorganisms and animal life around the bottle w were increasing, using non-polluting material such as glass and natural cork. Their figures rise to 90,000 bottles on average per year, which they sell at a price of 85 euros.


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